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Re: Cokriging equation
EKrauseesristaff Sep 21, 2011 12:25 PM (in response to caroline_qi)The cokriging equations are wellknown, and you can reference them in Cressie (1993), for example. Any differences between SAS and Geostatistical Analyst are almost certainly due to different variogram parameters, different search neighborhoods, and/or different preprocessing techniques (transformations, detrending, declustering, for example).
What criteria are you using to say that SAS is more accurate? Are you using the default model and comparing crossvalidation results? 
Re: Cokriging equation
caroline_qi Sep 21, 2011 4:44 PM (in response to caroline_qi)I compared the performance of geostatistical models to estimate average temperature in each month using weather station temperature and elevation. Monthly estimates were validated for 30% splitsample of stations with ordinary cokriging in ArcGIS and universal kriging in SAS Proc Mixed. They were produced with elevation as a covariate using ordinary cokriging in ArcGIS and universal kriging in SAS. Performance of models was assessed by comparing adjusted R2, mean squared error, root mean squared error. Accuracy and precision were higher for universal kriging estimates in SAS. In arcgis, I use Histograms, Normal QQ Plots and trend analyses and select the proper parameter to do the cokriging. But in SAS, there are not many parameters needed to be adjusted. For what I know is that SAS uses the restricted maximum likelihood method to estimate variance and covariance of the models and Arcgis builds semivariograms and computs corresponding semivariogram parameters. I select exponencial model in both Arcgis and SAS. I use split validation not cross validation. 
Re: Cokriging equation
EKrauseesristaff Sep 22, 2011 7:43 AM (in response to caroline_qi)If you're comparing ordinary cokriging to universal kriging, you aren't getting a fair comparison. You need to compare the predictions using the same type of kriging.
Restricted maximum likelihood is the most accurate method for determining variography parameters; however, it doesn't scale well. For large datasets, the method quickly becomes computationally infeasible. I don't know what algorithm SAS uses, but if they really are using REML, it will take an incredibly long time to process when there are thousands or millions of points. Our weighted leastsquares algorithm, however, is able to efficiently handle datasets into the billions. 
Re: Cokriging equation
caroline_qi Sep 23, 2011 2:06 AM (in response to caroline_qi)Many thanks. You are absolutely correct. SAS took more than 8 hours in computing 5000 points, while Arcgis only took several seconds. By the way, I still cannot find this book 'Cressie (1993)' in China. Could you send me relative equations? My email address: caroline_qi@163.com
Best regards 
Re: Cokriging equation
EKrauseesristaff Sep 23, 2011 8:35 AM (in response to caroline_qi)You can see the cokriging equations on page 271 (Appendix A):
http://dusk.geo.orst.edu/gis/geostat_analyst.pdf
To see them in more detail, you're going to have to go to a geostatistics textbook. Again, "Statistics for Spatial Data" by Cressie (1993) is the classic text, and all the cokriging equations are in there. 
Re: Cokriging equation
caroline_qi Sep 25, 2011 10:27 PM (in response to caroline_qi)It's very helpful. I appreciate it.